Introduction and background
The Danish Building Defects Fund is one of the primary sources of information on the building quality of Danish housing built since 1986.

 The Fund comprises over 11.000 publicly subsidised housing estates with more than 235.000 dwellings and over 600 publicly subsidised renovations with more than 95.000 dwellings.


The Danish Building Defects Fund is a privately owned institution, which was established by law in 1986 (The Law on Public Housing), as part of a quality and liability reform that same year. The background for the reform was the extensive damages to concrete and flat-topped housing built in the 1960s and 1970s.


The reform introduced the following requirements:

  • Quality assurance in all public building and in publicly subsidised housing
  • Prospects for the operation, servicing and maintenance of the housing schemes.
  • The use of standard agreements between the contractor on the one hand and the client or builder, entrepreneur or building company on the other, with the purpose of making liability clear and well-defined.
  • Standardised and homogenised liability rules covering the first five years.

Since 1979, technical consultancy liability only applied the first five years, while contractor’s liability applied for twenty years and the supplier’s liability only one year.

As a further consequence of the reform, The Danish Building Defects Fund was established, and since July 1st 1986, 1% of the initial costs for all publicly subsidised housing schemes have been paid to the Fund. The Fund is able to finance building damage repairs also by raising loans mortgaging the involved housing estates.


The Fund comprises publicly subsidised housing estates, youth housing, and housing for the elderly, privately owned co-operative housing associations, and co-operative house shares. Since June 1st 2011, the Fund also comprises publicly subsidised renovations.


The Fund covers all building defects claims for the first twenty years and, as such, the oldest buildings comprised by the Fund are no longer covered by the Fund.

The purpose of the Fund is:

  • To carry out the year-one and year-five building inspections
  • To give financial support to the repair of building defects
  • To communicate findings and experiences to the building sector with the purpose of preventing future building defects.

The Fund’s expenses are covered by the grants of 1% of the initial construction costs from every housing scheme, as mentioned above.


Byggeskadefonden | Studiestræde 50 | 1554 København V | tlf: 3376 2000 | cvr: 1202 5971| |